Short Term Depression is not a Disability

In a recent case out of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals, Seibert v. Lutron Electronics, the court held that depression that was not permanent and caused by specific non-recurring events did not qualify as a disability under the ADA.  In Seibert, the plaintiff-employee suffered from depression that was caused by "her fiance's alcohol consumption, the stress of planning her wedding, financial problems, and her grandfather's illness."  This depression lead to the employee taking a leave of absence from April 2005 to October of 2005.  However, upon returning to work the employee continued to have attendance issues, which the court found were not attributable to depression, and the employer offered the employee the option to either resign her position or be terminated, with the employee choosing to resign.

The court explained that "[t]ransitory, temporary or impermanent impairments" do not meet the definition of an impairment that substantially limits a major life activity under the ADA.  In this case, accordingly, the court found that the depression was temporary.  The ADA itself defines transitory as lasting less than 6 months. 

The case is helpful for school districts in the ADA and Section 504 employment context in that it shows that short term depression caused by a specific event is not a disability.  Likewise, it is helpful under Section 504, which also applies to most school district, because Section 504 borrows the definition of disability from ADA.  Moreover, while perhaps a little less clear, this could also have implications for students in that students who claim to be disabled under Section 504 and/or IDEA due to depression might not so qualify if the depression is short term in nature and attributable to a specific event. 

EXPANDED LEAVE FOR MILITARY FAMILIES UNDER FMLA

President Obama has signed into law the Fiscal Year 2010 National Defense Authorization Act , which provides for additional leave rights for military families under FMLA. 

First, there is a provision relating to qualifying exigency for up to twelve weeks of leave for family members of both active duty service members and national guard and reservists who are deployed to a foreign country.  Previously, the leave was only for National Guard and reservists.  Exigency leave is permitted for short-notice of deployment, military events and related activities, childcare and school, financial and legal responsibilities, counseling, rest and recuperation for five days, post-deployment activities and other activities as agreed with employer.

Second, caregiver leave has been extended to include veterans who are undergoing medical treatment, recuperation or therapy for a serious injury or illness.  The veteran must have been in the armed forces, including the National Guard or reserves, at any time five years prior to the treatment and the condition being treated must be incurred in the line of duty or a pre-existing condition aggravated in the line of duty.  

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FMLA: employer notice and the deemed eligible employee

A couple of recent decisions from the federal trial courts in the Middle and Eastern Districts of Pennsylvania show a gathering consensus that a controversial Family And Medical Leave Act (“FMLA”) regulation is not proper. The gathering is not complete, however, and employers need to continue appropriate practices while we watch the consensus evolve.

The question is whether an employee is “eligible” under the FMLA, 29 U.S.C. §§ 2601-2654?   The statute at 29 U.S.C. § 2611(2)(A)(ii), defines an eligible employee as one employed by employer for at least 12 months and who worked at least 1,250 hours in the 12 months before requesting leave. 

Detailed facts of the cases in review need not detain us: the common scenario is of an employee

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